The Russian military attacks more and more civilian targets and infrastructure; their goal is to create panic within the society and force it to pressure the Ukrainian government into negotiating.
Russian propaganda has been studied for a long time and carefully. But the beginning of the so-called “special military operation in Ukraine” changed its tasks and methods.
The full-scale war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine not only put an end to the project of the “one people” as an integral part of the ideology of the “Russian world,” but it also increased the hostility between the two peoples to a historically record high, regardless of the outcome of the current military confrontation.
In recent years, Russian propaganda has been particularly aggressive, and the growth of that aggression was directly proportional to the aggressive component in the Kremlin's foreign policy. At the same time, not only Russians but also residents of many other countries, both "near" and "far" abroad, became the objects...
The attitude of the Russian Federation under Vladimir Putin, toward the countries of the former USSR, repeats the Brezhnev doctrine concerning the “people's democracies” of Eastern Europe. With this approach, in the eyes of Moscow, the Baltic states inevitably acquire the status of being “illegally” torn away from the...
In the course of 2021, we have seen the continuation of three major trends in terms of the Kremlin’s influence in Europe: the shrinking of the traditional soft power influence, retreating from electoral interference, and an increase in the role of more sinister persuasion instruments.